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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 23, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, union bank, and united health care. >> at union bank our relationship managers work hard , offeringur business specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objection -- objectives. we offer tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> when i was pregnant, i got more device than i knew what to do with. what i needed was information i could trust on how to take care of me and my baby. united health care has a simple program that helps moms stay on track with their doctors and get care and guidance they could use before and after the baby is oren. simple is what i need right now. >> that his health and numbers. united health care. >> and now "bbc world news america." "bbc world news america." as the country gets ready to vote the violence in the east causes great concern. worst kind of atmosphere for a presidential election. >> tearing down the protest site with the military now in control
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. members of the government are being detained. he has one of the most important jobs. we introduce you to the concierge who has rubbed shoulders with the stars for decades. welcome to our viewers and public television in america and around the globe. the russian president vladimir putin promised to recognize the results of sunday's presidential election in ukraine but during remarks in st. petersburg he end itshat kiev must military operation against the separatists in the east calling it a region in a state of civil war. his comments come as 20 rebels have been killed today in fresh clashes in the east of the country. our correspondent has been out on the election trail and he sent this report.
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>> he is ukraine's second richest man and its wealthiest mp. a billionaire who earned his fortune making chocolate. he is a political chameleon who has worked for two presidents of opposing parties. it now looks highly likely this is the man who will be chosen to put a fractured country back together. has not been seen as a savior but it is clear that ukraine ands a new president fast people are voting for him and hope he will win out right in the first round on sunday.
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>> where well accepted in the east and the west are you the most important thing is to build trust between the president and the people. my first trip will be to donetsk. >> the east is still a mess. five more people died in fighting at a checkpoint near donetsk this morning. shootouts like this one have become a daily occurrence. the worst kind of atmosphere for a presidential election. officialscared returning ballot boxes ahead of the vote. too frightened to open their polling station and with good reason. what was the last thing you heard about? by husband was detained gunmen opposed to the pole. he has not been seen since.
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>> he rushed into the office and told his staff. you need to leave quickly. people saw him taken out in handcuffs and put onto a bus. some hope today when the russian president vladimir putin said he would respect the choice of the ukrainian people. deaths and a week of the voting is two days away. spoke with david kramer who is president of freedom house. and an ms amount of violence and turmoil in ukraine at the moment. some officials frightened to take delivery of even valid boxes. how is this election going to be valid? >> it will be valid based on the credibility of the process on sunday when the election takes
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place. there are going to be lots of international observers on the ground. i hope there will be a decent turnout that will reflect interest in voting for new leadership area devoting in the eastern and southern parts of ukraine will be the most romantic and in some districts they simply will not take place. i think overall the country is prepared. a lot of observers have indicated preparations have been conducted fairly well. >> will this actually make any difference at the end of the day? you have presidents vladimir putin describing the situation is all-out civil war. is about going to change that? rex it is going to be important for ukrainians to go to the news and vote for a president who will have the legitimacy of the ballot box and vladimir putin will know longer be able to dismiss the authorities as illegitimate as he has done so far. it is important that ukrainians are able to have this opportunity. it is taking place amidst
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extreme violence as you have indicated with ukrainian forces being killed. the problem has been putin, who has stirred up the violence and brought in provocateurs and spent -- sent in special forces. inthought he could get away southern and eastern ukraine when he got away with in crimea. >> why has he said he will recognize the later when his whole operation is derailing the process? >> it has not carried over as he expected it would. surveys have indicated that ukrainians do not support russian invasion. do not support russian takeover. they do not want to be annexed. they do not like the central authorities in kiev but they want to stay part of the united ukraine. he has not received the kind of welcome and support anticipated. >> what about the man who is the top favorite to win? does he have the qualities, the
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the capabilityen politically to unify the country and bring stability? >> he will face enormous challenges. anyone would in this position. he says -- has served in the government before. he has been around for quite a while. candy which people like and owns other business interests. he is one of the richest individuals. he is going to have his hands full. no doubt about it. the key will be to make sure that he is brought to power through a legitimate process. >> what can the u.s. and europe due to support this process and help moving forward? >> the international community have done a good job in making sure that the election is as prepared as a can be. sending international observers to provide a seal of legitimacy.
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going through with the assistance package that has been important to help ukraine out of its financial crisis in pushing back with sanctions. i do not think the west has gone anywhere near far enough trade we will have to push back on efforts to create instability in ukraine. that is what vladimir putin is after. >> there is still more uncertainty to come. thanks for joining me. in thailand the military have detained the former prime minister and members of her family. it comes a day after armed forces declared a coup and then simmered around 100 political leaders to an army compound in the capital of bangkok. soldiers have dispersed hundreds of anti-coup protesters. r the takeover, the big cleanup. with a seven month long street
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protest in bangkok disbursed, the tents and the stages have been dismantled. this is what they wanted. the army running the country and the elected government they condemned for abusing its powers thrown out. the leaders of that government were summoned by the military this morning. most included the ousted prime minister showed up and were then detained. there has been no talk of a quick return to democratic rule. ago, -- 82 years ago, thais directed this commemorate the birth of their democracy. 12thuch this, the successful coup, damages the is under question. tourism will feel little disruption for now.
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have you seen any soldiers? >> yes. it took an hour to get from there port -- the airport. term is at best a short truce. it might inflame the conflict further. >> now to egypt where early next week residents will go to the polls to select a new president. it comes nearly one year after mohamed morsi was ousted from power. isthey cast their alex wood the public mood and how do they feel about their new future? a new survey revived some interesting insights. >> what comes next for egypt? that early optimism of the arab spring has given way to discontent. almost three quarters of
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egyptians are not satisfied with their country's direction. that is according to a new poll conducted by the pew research center. let's see where that pessimism falls. this graph shows the percentage of egyptian saying they do not like the way things are going in the country. right here marks the revolution of 2011. you can see how today's discontent was higher than the fourth revolution. even just the past year has seen a reversal of opinions. in 2013 pew research found when it came to democracy versus most saw democracy as the priority. now those numbers have nearly flipped. a majority value stability the most. but what path are egyptians hoping to take? your research asked people to rate the importance of various issues going forward. a better economy, fear courts, and law and order were at the
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top of the list. since egyptians are choosing the next president, what about elections? it turns out that less than half of people consider honest elections as very important for their country's future. thousands of people in turkey chanted anti-government slogans at the funeral of a man killed by a stray the lead. police used water cannons and tear gas and rubber bullets for the second day. a second man died and several officers were wounded during thursday's violence. the un's nuclear watchdog said iran has cut its most sensitive nuclear stockpile under an agreement with six world powers on its atomic program. a report seen by the bbc says that for the first time in six with then was engaging agency's investigation into suspected nuclear bomb research.
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a u.s. navy warship has located the overturned hull of a reddish yacht that went missing last week. 1600 kilometers off the massachusetts coast. the cabin is said to have been completely flooded and its windows shattered. the crew was sailing back to the u.k. following a regatta in and take a -- antigua. what could be a medical breakthrough. scientists say they are close to developing a vaccine that would help stop the spread of malaria. the thunder group of children in tanzania who are naturally resistant to the disease and those antibodies can be transformed into the treatment. we have this report. common sight in hospitals in africa. child dies minute a from malaria. scientists have found that some children are naturally resistant to the disease in they could hold the key to developing an effective vaccine.
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tests have revealed that their immune system attacks the malaria causing parasite. they produce an antibody that traps the organism inside red wood sills preventing it from spreading throughout the body. >> only six percent of the children in our cohort had this anybody and were resistant. they develop it naturally through being exposed to parasites over the course of their lifetime, the two years of their life. some of these children are able to develop this protective antibody response in the trick was finding what was the target of the response. >> the team found that injecting a form of this antibody into mice protected the animals from malaria. it is early days but a vaccine is much needed. half of the world's population, 3.4 billion people are at risk for malaria. there are more than 200 million cases reported each year which
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resulted in 600,000 deaths. 90% are in sub-saharan africa. they are optimistic. >> we have made incredible progress in seen child deaths cut by half over the last decade. we're seeing with the current tools we have and the potential new tools like a vaccine in the pipeline the possibility of being able to end malaria in my lifetime and that would be an amazing achievement. >> the latest study is one of many avenues being explored. the hope is harnessing natural immunity could be a powerful weapon against this deadly disease. "bbc worldatching news america." popering for a visit from francis. we look at the religious and political waters he may be walking into. now to a climber who reached out
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for help in a way which would have been unimaginable a decade ago. he turned to technology and facebook when he got stuck and eight crevasse in the himalayas. >> 21 meters inside the himalayan crevasse. alone, a broken arm and a dislocated shoulder and broken ribs. the aspects were dire. i have to somehow climb out that way. >> using his uninjured legs, that is what he did. with only [indiscernible] and the rest of his team asleep he turned to a platform he knew would get global attention. facebook. his messages read
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called -- please call will bull rescue. butng inside feels bitter so cold. longest night ever. >> i could not move my right arm. i was in piercing agony. my ribs were hurting badly. it was difficult to breathe. i know i was going to die. there was no way to get out of a crevasse like this. people who fall in do not live. >> john was part of a scientific team looking at the climb -- climate effect on mountain areas. his team left him in what he described as a safe zone. >> i had looked over the edge ito the abyss and i die -- knew that is not where i wanted to be. i can appreciate living and being with my friends and family. nepal.s in
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>> tomorrow pope francis will arrive in jordan for the first step on his three-day visit to the holy land. the pontiff said this week that it is a peer the religious trip. in that region of the world that may be a tough task. there are a series of diplomatic dilemmas. iwas joined a short time ago father james martin in new york. he is the author of a new book and i started by asking him if the pope really thinks he can separate politics from religion in the middle east. >> i am sure he knows that he is traveling to a very contentious region but i think he really is trying to focus on the spiritual purpose of the trip. he is a smart guy. he knows it is a complex political reality that he is waiting into. >> he has ruffled some feathers. the palestinians are unhappy
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that he will be laying a wreath at the grave of the founder of zionism. even the christians are unhappy that he is not visiting asterisk. what is he going to achieve, do you think? >> one of the goals of the trip is a reconciliation between the east and the west. he is meeting with the ecumenical patriarch or thumb oil but meeting with every religious and political leader you can imagine from the palestinian territories to israel to muslims and jews and he is trying to be inclusive. ,e is visiting the poor children, refugees, and disabled. this typeot scared of of confrontational situation. he has tackled thorny issues within the church. is this another example of the power of his own personal charisma, do you think? >> i think it is. a friend of mine who knows him well said this man fears nothing. in terms of a change in
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the vatican but also a physical danger to himself. i think he is going with full knowledge of the region but he is also trying to be fearless. jesus said be not afraid and he is trying to exemplify that. >> he is not afraid of bullets because he will not have a bulletproof car. crowds are going to have to be kept back. is in that defeating the purpose lightly? >> right. when he was in rio de janeiro he was told he needed to have a bulletproof car. with a bubble top. he said one apparent visits his or her children he does not go in closed in class. he wants to meet in touch people when he is there. >> he will be meeting refugees from syria. what message will he be bringing them, what possible hope can he offer them at this particularly awful moment in their lives? ofi think the christian hope the better future but we have to run for that the holy family
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were refugees themselves once when they fled to egypt. i think a reminder that they are part of the christian family but the holy family preceded them in their difficulties. >> would you make of the timing of this trip coming as it does win the peace process between the palestinians and israelis has broken down? >> i think it is good timing. i do not think they planned it this way. the vatican could not have predicted that. if the pope can affect some kind of threat conciliation or the idea that we are brothers and sisters i think all for the better. will you think that israel be able to improve relations with the vatican threw him on this trip? >> i hope so. i am not a politician. i do not know the ins and outs but he desperately wants that. the vatican wants good relations with all states. by the same token he also is trying to be very conscious of the needs of the palestinian people as well. it is a delicate balance.
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job am sure he is up to the if anyone is. thank you for joining us. ask my pleasure. >> we will have full coverage of the visit so do stay with us for all the latest on the pope's visit to the middle east this weekend. from the pope to one of the greatest playgrounds for the rich and famous. the town of cannes on the french anyera is lavish under circumstances but during the international film festival it takes things to a new level. what is it like rubbing shoulders with all of those stars and making sure they have what they need? there's no one better to ask than the head concierge of the barrier hotel. lobby isart of the where everyone goes on here and follows through the doorway of the limousines.
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>> i was born in cannes. i pass by the house where i was born every morning. my two sons are both concierge. the possibility to spend two or three minutes to talk and to realize those people are are a busy. they're kind. come the comfort working purposes. >> diana dawes is in danger of
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getting writers cramp and she is not the only one. not a family affair but something like that. the start, the people, a little bit of the market. in those days traveling was not quite the same. the main mission is to satisfy every need of our clients and it varies from [indiscernible] to a newspaper in the morning. like flying across the world or getting a ticket for the next world cup final in brazil. your knowledge of people will help you tremendously. that thetest report is morality our troops is quite outstanding.
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>> outstanding indeed. his life is ahead concierge. or graham tooday's a close but you can find much more on the day's news at our website. to reach me and most of the bbc team go to twitter. thank you for watching and have a great weekend. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation. united health care. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture
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new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> sreenivasan: russian president vladimir putin said he'll respect this weekend's presidential balloting in ukraine, but pro-moscow militants were still fighting in the east, against forces loyal to kiev. margaret warner is in the capital. good evening, i'm hari sreenivasan. judy woodruff is away. also ahead, the widening racial gap in survival rates from breast cancer. and what health officials in one city are doing, to make sure more black women fighting the disease get the treatment they need. >> i'm trying to get a person from a, to b, to c, to d. i'm not going to leave you, until we know what has to be done for you. so you need to go in early, and


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